The events that have been unfolding in Egypt over the last 24 hours have only added to the evidence that the 3rd July coup was in fact nothing more than a counter-revolutionary move by the Conservative old guard. The removal from power of Hozni Murbarak in 2011 also saw the removal of the army from power in Egypt. The election of Mohamed Morsi last year marked the first time since 1952 that a General had not been the Head of State.
On July 3rd the army took back what it believes is its own and not the birth-right of every Egyptian. The seizure of power led by General Abdul Fatah al-Sisi was the first step in re-establishing the armies’ brutal grip on the nation. However, it has encountered far more opposition than it expected and in order to achieve its objectives has had to resort to extreme violence against the Muslim Brotherhood civilian protesters.
While it is true to say that Egypt is a country divided, it is the very fact that it is divided that makes this violent oppression of the Muslim Brotherhood so apaulling. President Morsi was the democratically elected president of Egypt. This is a point that we must not forget. The constitutionally elected President of Egypt was removed from power in a military coup. The early hopes expressed by many that this coup was aimed at restoring a measure of secular balance to the states institutions have evaporated in the light of the use of deadly force against unarmed protesters. The violent suppression of the Muslim Brotherhood is the default position for the Egyptian military, who have spent the past five decades harassing, torturing and imprisoning its members.
The Army is seeking one thing and one thing only, the return of the powers and privileges that it enjoyed under the Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak regimes. It will use any means necessary at securing these privileges and will crush any opposition. General Abdul Fatah al-Sisi the leader of the coup is a virtual Murbarak clone, having completed the General Command and Staff Course at Aldershot in the UK, and the War Course at the US Army War College he is a product of the conflicted relationships that lie between western capitals and their declared desire to see a democratic Egypt.
The shockingly slow response of the US State Department and many other Western Powers in condemning the coup back in July demonstrates this hypocrisy. US interests are far better served by a compliant military dictatorship than a turbulent new democracy with an Islamist President. The United States is the only foreign player that matters, and probably the only force left that could turn the tide back in favour of Democratic government in Egypt. The US military grant to the Egyptian Army is worth $1.3 billion a year. How can the leader of the free world continue to fund a military that murders its own people, will the cold interests of the US in the middle east trump the chance for a democratic future for Egypt. The events of the past two months seem to suggest that the Obama Administration has no interest at all in saving Egyptian democracy, as such the violence will continue and Egyptian society will be subdued and silenced once again.
- Obama cancels military exercises, condemns violence in Egypt (reuters.com)
- Kerry’s Egyptian Ataraxia (thatchsangfroid.wordpress.com)
- The Nile Runs Red (weeklystandard.com)
- Egypt and the United States – Forever Tied (samiaarroyo.org)
- Democracy Is Just a Dream in Egypt – Bloomberg (bloomberg.com)
- Egypt’s Bloody Crackdown – Bloomberg (bloomberg.com)